1. Overgrown Gums (Altered Passive Eruption)

The gums normally recede as a part of the normal eruption of the teeth. This is called "passive" eruption since the teeth aren't really moving or erupting, but the receeding of the gums creates the impression of active tooth movement. The teeth are usually not "too short", they are usually normally-sized.
Case 1a
This 21 year old woman wanted her dentist to cap her teeth in order to make them longer. Her dentist referred her to the periodontist since her teeth weren’t too short, just covered over by excessive gum tissue.
altered passive eruption treatment result
Pre-Treatment

Following her orthodontic treatment, her orthodontist requests the surgical correction of her gummy smile

Post-Surgical

Minimally-invasive surgery has created a fuller and happier smile with minimal post-surgical inconvenience. Her teeth now show their normal size since they are not covered with excess gum tissue.

pre treatment post surgical close-up
Pre-Treatment

Lip retraction shows the case with a better visualization of the short teeth.

Post-Surgical

The cosmetically-pleasing tooth appearances now reflect the form of her face and allow her normal tooth length and her smile to shine.

Case 1b This 24 year old woman has been unhappy with the amount of white teeth that are showing. While it appears that her teeth are short, they aren’t. She simply has too much gum tissue covering over what will be attractive teeth.
Pre-Treatment
The gum tissues are uneven and create the appearance of the gums growing over the teeth.
Post-Surgical
The teeth now have proper gum contours and she has a more attractive smile. However, note the uneveness of the edges of her front teeth.Tooth recontouring or reshaping needs to be done.
Post-Surgical
(After recontouring)
With only 1-2 minutes of reshaping the teeth, the attractive appearance of the smile is further improved
Case 1c This 16 year old female complained about her GUMMY SMILE and how it made her feel self-conscious about her smile in school.
gummy smile post-surgical
Pre-Treatment

These teeth appear to be "short" due to the excess gum tissue.

Post-Surgical

Conservative surgery has exposed the normal appearance of the teeth. A normal, full smile brightens her life and creates more self-confidence.